Jan 14, 2017

Aikyasthala of Akka Nagamma, Basaveshwara, Gangambike and Neelambike

Akka Nagamma, Basaveshwara, Gangambike and Neelambike are few of the well known Shivasharana ~ a person who has surrendered to Lord Shiva. They are members of one family. Akka Nagamma is Basaveshwara's elder sister. Gangambike and Neelambike are Basaveshwara's elder and younger wives. These four noble persons had dedicated their lives to society's well being.

From a small age Basaveshwara was close to his sister Nagamma and she was a great influence over him. Also, Basaveshwara was an enlightened soul, from a young age he showed kindness to animals and the helpless. As he grew up he could not bear to see the pains and difficulties of the poor and downtrodden. He was sent to Kudala Sangama for education, where he spent many years and remained bonded to the place. Basaveshwara served as a minister in King Bijjala's court at Kalyana in present day's Bidar district. He initiated a social revolution to fight the injustice meted out the so called upper caste people to the lower caste people in a non-violent way. Basaveshwara preached and practiced a way of life which can be described in two Kannada words 'Kayakave Kailasa' - this short saying roughly translates to 'Work is Worship' but has a deeper meaning. He said that one perform their duties in a selfless manner i.e. work with dedication and accept the outcome as it is, be it favorable or unfavorable. He was equally dedicated to his official duty as a minister and personal endeavor to bring in social equality. His family members supported him completely and played an active role in the revolution. As a part of their practice Shivasharanas composed Vachanas - short poems in simple language carrying a moral. The movement showed positive changes and gained popularity.

Every good change has to face opposition, so was the case at Kalyana. Some prominent characters of the upper caste stirred up trouble by falsely accusing Basaveshwara of misusing state funds for personal use. Basaveshwara disproved the allegations and regained the king's confidence. But the seeds of doubt were sown. The last straw was to accuse Basaveshwara of conspiring to usurp the throne to which his reaction was resigning from the minister-ship. After formally bidding bye to the king, he left Kalyana and moved to Kudala Sangama. At Kalyana the situation changed drastically, King Bijjala is assasinated and Shivasharanas are blamed and harassed. Many Shivasharanas leave Kalyana and move southwards carrying their Vachana collection. Shivasharanas were peaceful but were trained in martial arts to defend themselves. The harassment did not stop, Bijjala's army went after the fleeing Shivasharanas and battles ensued. The main battle was near Kadrolli on the banks of river Malaprabha (present day Belgaum district) was won by Shivasharanas. Having lost, the king's soldiers give up and return to Kalyana.

Shivasharanas continue their journey southward, some succumb to their injuries on the way. Gangambike attains Aikya on the banks of river Malaprabha. It is said that a group led by Akka Nagamma and her son Channabasaveshwara to Dharwad and stay at Ulavi Basaveshwara Gudi for few days. Then Channabasaveshwara goes to Ulavi, deep in the jungles of Western Ghats. Akka Nagamma continues to travel south and her journey ends near present day Tarikeri. The place where she attains is called Yenne Hole meaning stream of oil. While all these happen, Basaveshwara has attained Aikya at Kudala Sangama. Not much is known about how Neelambike reaches her resting spot on the left bank of river Krishna near Tangadgi. All this happened 800 years back and their services are still remembered, their Vachanas still popular. Long live their names.

During early 80s, 90s and 2000s Karnataka government took steps to conserve the Aikyasthala of Basaveshwara, Gangambike and Neelambike. However, nothing had been done at Akka Nagamma's Aikyasthala until March-2014. So, here are the four spots..

Akka Nagamma's Aikyasthala at Yenne Hole, Tarikere, Chikmagalur District



Basaveshwara's Aikyasthala at Kudala Sangama - the confluence of rivers Malaprabha and Krishna, Bagalkot District. These are the waters of Basava Sagar, the reservoir of Narayanpur dam across river Krihna.


Basaveshwara's Aikya Mantapa in 1959
Gangambike's Aikyasthala in river Malaprabha, Belgaum district. This spot is off the national highway, about 43 kms from Dharwad & 35 kms from Belgaum.





Neelambike Aikyasthala on the left bank of river Krishna, in the waters of Basava Sagar, about 2 kms from Tangadgi village in Bijapur district. This spot is about 4 kms from Kudala Sangama on the right bank.


To see more pictures of these places, check out the individual posts on them, here are the links-
Akka Nagamma's Aikyasthala
Basaveshwara's Aikyasthala
Gangambike's Aikyasthala
Neelambike Aikyasthala

If you want to know about Basaveshwara's birthplace and a 108 feet statue at Basava Kalyana. This is the same Kalyana where he served as a minister during Bijjala's rule. Here are the links-
Basava Smaraka at Basavana Bagewadi
108 feet statue of Basavanna near Basava Kalyana

Also, here's a link to two other related spots-
Dohara Kakkayya Aikyasthala near Kakkeri, Belgaum district.
Ulavi Basaveshwara Gudi, Dharwad. This is the temple where the Shivasharana group had camped here after the battle of Kadrolli to celebrate their victory.
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Jan 7, 2017

ಶಿವಶರಣ ಹರಲಯ್ಯನ ಪಾದುಕೆಗಳು, ಬಿಜ್ಜನಹಳ್ಳಿ, ಕಲ್ಬುರ್ಗಿ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ

ಸುಮಾರು 12 ನೇ ಶತಮಾನದಲ್ಲಿ, ಬಿಜ್ಜಳನ ರಾಜ್ಯವಾದ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣದಲ್ಲಿ ಚಮ್ಮಾರ ಹರಳಯ್ಯನೆಂಬುವವನಿದ್ದ. ಅವನು ಮತ್ತು ಅವನ ಹೆಂಡತಿ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಮ್ಮ  ಶರಣಗುರು ಜಗಜ್ಯೋತಿ ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರು ಪ್ರಾರಂಭಿಸಿದ ಶರಣ ಚಳುವಳಿಯ ಭಾಗವಾಗಿದ್ದರು. ಜಾತಿ-ಧರ್ಮ ಇವೆಲ್ಲವನ್ನೂ ಮೀರಿದ್ದು ಮನುಷ್ಯತ್ವ ಎಂದು ಸಾರಿ ಹೇಳುವ ಈ ಚಳುವಳಿಯು ಬಡಿಗೇರ, ಅಂಬಿಗ, ಹೊಲೆಯ, ಮಾದಿಗ, ಚಮ್ಮಾರ ಇಂತಹ ಮುಂತಾದ ಜಾತಿಯ ಜನಗಳಿಗೂ ನ್ಯಾಯವನ್ನು ಒದಗಿಸಿಕೊಡುವ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿತ್ತು. ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಇದನ್ನು ಸ್ಥಾಪಿಸಿದ ಬಸವಣ್ಣವರ ಮೇಲೆ ಈ ಜನಗಳಿಗೆ ಅಪಾರ ಗೌರವ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರೀತಿ ಬೆಳೆಯಿತು. ಈ ಶರಣ ಚಳುವಳಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪಾಲ್ಗೊಂಡವರನ್ನು ಶರಣರು ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು. ಒಬ್ಬ ಶರಣ ಮತ್ತೊಬ್ಬ ಶರಣನಿಗೆ ಶುಭಾಶಯ ತಿಳಿಸಲು ಶರಣು ಎನ್ನುವದು ರೂಢಿ (ಶರಣು ಎಂದರೆ ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ). ಒಂದು ದಿನ ಹರಳಯ್ಯನು ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರನ್ನು ಕಂಡೊಡನೆ ಶರಣು ಎಂದು ಶುಭಾಶಯ ತಿಳಿಸಿದನು, ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಪ್ರತಿಯಾಗಿ ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರು ಕೈ ಮುಗಿದು ಶರಣು ಶರಣಾರ್ಥಿ ಎಂದು ಶುಭಾಶಯ ಕೋರಿದರು. ಇದರಿಂದ ಹರಳಯ್ಯ ತಾನು ಪಾಪ ಮಾಡಿದೆ, ಇಷ್ಟು ದೊಡ್ಡ ಮನುಷ್ಯರು ನನ್ನಂಥ ಕೀಳು ಜಾತಿಯ ಮನುಷ್ಯನಿಗೆ ಹೀಗೆ ಶುಭಾಶಯ ಕೋರಿದರು. ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ತಕ್ಕ ಪ್ರಾಯಶ್ಚಿತ್ತವಾಗಬೇಕು ಎಂದು ತನ್ನ ತೊಡೆಯ ಚರ್ಮದಿಂದ ಒಂದು ಜೊತೆ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಯನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರಿಗೆ ಅರ್ಪಿಸಬೇಕೆಂದು ನಿರ್ಧರಿಸಿದನು. ಪತ್ನಿ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಮ್ಮ ಕೂಡ ಈ ಅರ್ಪಣೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಭಾಗಿಯಾಗುತ್ತೆನೆಂದು ವಿನಂತಿಸಿಕೊಂಡಳು. ಪತಿ-ಪತ್ನಿಯರಿಬ್ಬರು ತಮ್ಮ ತೊಡೆಯ ಚರ್ಮದಿಂದ ಒಂದು ಜೊತೆ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಕೊಂಡೊಯ್ದರು. ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರರು ಇದನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ ಬೆರಗಾದರು. ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳನ್ನು ಮುಟ್ಟಿ ನೋಡಿ, ಅವುಗಳನ್ನು ತಲೆಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಇಟ್ಟುಕೊಂಡು, ಈ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ದೈವಿಕ ಗುಣವಿದೆ. ನಾನಿವನ್ನು ಧರಿಸುವದು ತಪ್ಪಾಗುತ್ತೆ. ಎಂದು ಅವನ್ನು ಹಿಂತಿರುಗಿಸಿದರು.

ಐತಿಹಾಸಿಕ ದಾಖಲೆಗಳ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಈ ಮೇಲಿನ ಘಟನೆ ನಡೆದು 800 ವರ್ಷಗಳು ಕಳೆದು ಹೋಗಿವೆ. 800 ವರ್ಷಗಳ ನಂತರ ಈ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳು ಮತ್ತೆ ಬೆಳಕಿಗೆ ಬಂದಿವೆ. ಗುಲ್ಬರ್ಗದಿಂದ 60 ಕಿಮೀ ದೂರದಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಬಿಜ್ಜನಹಳ್ಳಿ (ಮಾಳಖೇಡದಿಂದ ಕೇವಲ 6 ಕಿಮೀ) ಎಂಬ ಗ್ರಾಮದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಸಣ್ಣ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ ಮಾಡಿ ಈ ದೈವಿಕ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳನ್ನು ಪೂಜಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಕೆಲವು ವಿಜ್ಞಾನಿಗಳು ಇವುಗಳನ್ನು ಪರೀಕ್ಷಿಸಿ, ಈ ಪಾದರಕ್ಷೆಗಳು ಮಾಡಿರುವದು ಮನುಷ್ಯ ಚರ್ಮದಿಂದಲೇ ಎಂದು ಮತ್ತು ಅವಧಿ ಸುಮಾರು 800 ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಹಿಂದೆ ಎಂದು ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟ ಪಡಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ. 

ಗುಡಿ
ಪಾದುಕೆಗಳು
ಬರೆಧವರು: ಪುಶ್ಪ ಪ್ರಸಧ್

Click on Haralayyana Paduke to read in English.
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